I would like to better understand the possibility of labor complications for mothers with retained IUDs in pregnancy. I know of the risks during early pregnancy such as ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage, intrauterine infection, and placenta previa. However, I cannot find much information regarding the effects during labor and birth itself.
I have heard that a scheduled c-section is recommended for some moms due to the risk of placental abruption and hemorrhage. I am sure it depends greatly on where the IUD is lodged in relation to the placenta, but in general, what information have you found or experienced on this topic? I completely understand the benefits of spontaneous labor and vaginal birth and wonder specifically if there would be much risk to at least waiting for labor to begin before scheduling a c-section. If a mother truly desires a vaginal birth, then I also wonder if a more closely monitored labor would be a safe option (especially considering the alternative risks of cesarean section).
Thank you for your help in my search for answers.